Malware authors will leverage every tool and trick they can to keep their operations in complete stealth mode. Fingerprinting gives them this extra edge to hide from security researchers and run large campaigns almost completely undetected. To describe it succinctly, fingerprinting makes use of an information disclosure flaw in the browser that allows an attacker to read the user’s file system and look for predefined names.
There are plenty of examples on how successful fingerprinting can be.
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