Researchers for Trustwave’s SpiderLabs have turned the flood lights on malware disguised as a module for Microsoft’s Internet Information Services (IIS) software.
According to Trustwave, the malware is manually installed by attackers after they have compromised a web server. Known as ISN, the malware is used by attackers to target sensitive information in POST requests, and has data exfiltration capabilities in its arsenal, blogged Trustwave’s Josh Grunzweig.
“Encryption is circumvented as the malware extracts this data from IIS itself,” he blogged. “This was seen targeting credit card data on e-commerce sites, however, it could also be used to steal logins, or any other sensitive information sent to a compromised IIS instance.”
The installer has four embedded DLLs that are dropped depending on the victim, the researcher continued. Specifically, there are IIS modules for IIS 32-bit; IIS 64-bit; IIS 7+ 32-bit and IIS7+ 64-bit. The malware also has a VBS file embedded as a PE resource that is used to install or remove the DLLs as an IIS module.
“Once the module is successfully installed, it will monitor the URIs specified in the configuration file and dump any POST requests encountered to the ‘[filename].log’ file,” according to Grunzweig. “The module will also monitor the QUERY_STRING parameter, and can accept a number of commands. I’ve setup a simple IIS instance to demonstrate how this process takes place.”
“Overall, this malware does not appear to be widely spread and has only been seen in a few forensic case instances,” Grunzwieg noted. “However, the extremely low detection rate in collaboration with the malware’s targeted functionality makes this a very real threat.”
Brian Prince is a Contributing Writer for SecurityWeek.Previous Columns by Brian Prince:Malware Dons Disguise as Microsoft IIS ModuleIT Workers Believe Employees Would Sell Company Data if Price is Right: SurveyCloud Security Bolstered by Threat Modeling Microsoft Closes Year With 11 Patch Tuesday Security BulletinsExperts: Security Professionals Should Focus on Protecting Business Processes, Not Just Assets
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